Eyes often change over the course of a lifetime. As you get older your eyes are more prone to specific conditions that can affect your vision. Some of the conditions you become more susceptible as you age are:
Presbyopia is the loss of the ability to see close objects or small print. It is a normal process which develops as the lens naturally hardens and cannot focus fine detail efficiently. Focusing ability actually decreases steadily over a number of years but you may not notice any change until after the age of 40.
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the most common cause of loss of vision in people over the age of 50. It often does not lead to complete blindness, but rather a loss of the central field of vision; peripheral vision remains intact.
Age-related macular degeneration, as opposed to other types of macular degeneration, occurs when natural ageing affects the macula at the back of the eye. Gradually cells fail to deliver nutrients to certain parts of the eye, reducing the clarity of vision and sometimes the ability to detect colours clearly.
Floaters are tiny spots or specks that appear in your field of vision. You may have noticed these temporarily in the past if you’ve ever had a head injury and someone asks if you can ‘see stars’! In some situations, floaters are normal if they only last momentarily, but if you keep seeing spots it could indicate a more serious problem with your eyes.
Floaters can sometimes be an indication of retinal detachment. This is more likely to happen with age as the eye cells naturally shrink and change the amount of light entering the eye.
Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye toughen; they can also become cloudy or yellowed. The lens naturally becomes less flexible with age, which can decrease the eye’s ability to focus. When this is accompanied with cloudiness vision will become impaired.
Some cataracts remain small and have minimal impact on vision, but if they become large and obstructive they can be removed during a relatively straightforward surgical procedure.
To find out more about eye conditions or to book an eye test at City Eyewear, please call our friendly team on 01274 729393.